Librarians are responsible for collecting, organising and preserving information in libraries so that it is readily available to those who wish to access it.
The information may be in various forms, for example, books, newspapers, microfiche, videos, audio CD's or cassettes. However, the growth in electronic and digital libraries has meant that the material is increasingly likely to be kept on computer files, CD ROMs or DVDs.
A librarian is responsible for:
In large libraries, the librarian may be in charge of overseeing the training and professional development of a group of staff. In small libraries, particularly small specialist libraries, the librarian may work alone and would be expected to have background knowledge in the specialist subject.
Public and university libraries are often open during the evenings and weekends, so the hours of work vary. Part-time work is often available for daytime, evening and weekend shifts.
Most librarians work from one site. Some jobs may involve travelling between several branches. In rural areas, librarians may operate and drive a mobile library. There might be occasional visits to book fairs involving staying overnight away from home.
Libraries are usually airy and well-lit. Many have large areas devoted to computer users. Most have separate offices for administrative tasks to be carried out. All the work is based indoors and the atmosphere is normally quiet.
There may be some lifting and bending. In certain libraries where there are still a lot of high bookshelves, librarians may occasionally have to mount stepladders.
A typical starting salary is between £18,000 and £22,000 a year.
There are approximately 41,000 librarians and library assistants working in the UK, of which 29,000 work in public and national libraries, and 12,000 work in academic libraries. Works of literature such as novels and poetry, as well as information on a wide range of topics, are held in general libraries. These include public libraries open to the local community, newspaper libraries, school or college libraries and the main libraries of universities.
Other libraries contain materials of specialist interest. These include libraries maintained within hospitals, legal institutions, research establishments, charities and some businesses. These would usually employ librarians who have some background in the specialist subject.
Jobs may be advertised in newspapers and on recruitment agencies' websites. Aslib, the association for information management, has an online recruitment and training section at www.aslib.co.uk.
Most librarians have a degree or postgraduate qualification accredited by CILIP. The CILIP website has a list of accredited courses, at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. It may be useful to get experience by working as a library assistant before starting a degree course.
The minimum entry requirements for degree courses are usually five GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3) and two or three A levels/three or four H grades or equivalent qualifications. Check with individual institutions for their exact course entry requirements.
For graduates whose degrees are not related to librarianship, there is a Graduate Training Opportunities scheme run by CILIP. Employers who are part of this scheme take on graduates for a year to provide them with training and experience prior to starting their professional course. In some cases, the employer will keep the job open and offer support while the trainee follows the course on a full-time, part-time or distance learning basis.
This is very useful, as work experience in librarianship or information science is often required to obtain a place on one of the accredited Masters degree and postgraduate diploma courses.
Individuals can apply for affiliate membership of CILIP if working as a library assistant. Library assistants may apply for certification. To become a chartered member of CILIP, candidates should have an accredited award and be working in a professional capacity. For more information on achieving chartered status, contact CILIP. With six years' experience, a chartered member can apply to become a fellow.
Many people in this field continue to study and work towards postgraduate qualifications in their specialist area.
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
A librarian needs:
In large libraries, there can be the chance to progress to a specialist post or into management. The chance of promotion in small libraries may be more limited.
Qualifications and experience in librarianship and information management are recognised by a wide range of commercial organisations outside the sector, so opportunities to diversify into an information management role may be available.
Work abroad is also possible as CILIP-accredited qualifications are recognised in many other countries.
Aslib, Holywell Centre,
1 Phipp Street,
London EC2A 4PS
Tel: 020 7613 3031
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.