A critical care scientist has expert knowledge of the physiology and technology involved in the delivery of critical care to patients. Some seriously ill patients depend on a variety of technology to keep them alive and to enable them to be constantly monitored. Critical care scientists are skilled in using this equipment for the maximum benefit of each patient.
They are an essential part of the multidisciplinary care team. By looking after the sophisticated equipment, critical care scientists free other staff, such as doctors and nurses, to focus on their own clinical roles.
The work may include:
Critical care scientists must be skilled at using a range of equipment, including:
The job requires close working relationships with other healthcare professionals, such as nurses, doctors, anaesthetists and therapists. Critical care scientists also have frequent contact with patients who are critically ill and with their families and friends who may be distressed.
In addition, critical care scientists deal with external suppliers and salespeople to buy in and maintain the right supplies and equipment for the unit.
Critical care scientists work a 37-hour week. Because critical care units always need to be able to call on a scientist, some hospitals work on a shift basis while others use an on-call rota. In all cases this will mean early mornings, evenings, nights, weekends and bank holidays.
Critical care scientists are based within critical care units or other intensive care areas, such as cardiac care wards. Patients in these units must be protected from the risk of cross-infection so staff wear protective clothing, including coats, gloves and masks.
The job may involve bending and carrying some heavy equipment, as well as standing or sitting for long periods. Critical care scientists may also handle some hazardous chemicals.
Salaries for trainee critical care scientists start from around £17,300 a year.
Around 300 critical care scientists work in critical care and intensive care units, which are generally found in larger hospitals. There are opportunities in towns and cities across the UK.
Most are employed in the National Health Service (NHS). A few work in private hospitals.
Vacancies may be advertised in the local press, on the NHS jobs website (www.jobs.nhs.uk) and in specialist magazines such as Nature and New Scientist.
At the moment there are more vacancies than applicants, so opportunities are good.
At present there are no formal educational requirements but most critical care scientists enter with at least four GCSE's (A*-C) and many have higher qualifications such as:
- A levels or equivalent
- A degree in a relevant engineering or life science subject
The Diploma in society, health and development may also be relevant for this area of work.
When the profession becomes registered the preferred route of entry will then be a vocational degree in clinical physiology, specialising in critical care technology. This will include professional exams set by the Society of Critical Care Technologies.
It will also be possible to enter after taking a degree in another relevant subject. Entrants can then do vocational training and study any required modules of the clinical physiology degree before taking the professional exams.
Those entering without the degree will be expected to study for it on a part-time basis. It will be therefore be considered an advantage to have science A levels (biology, chemistry and physics).
Relevant experience, such as working in healthcare with patients, or with science, is seen as an asset.
Critical care scientists usually train on the job under the supervision of more experienced colleagues. They can study part time for vocational qualifications, such as a degree or postgraduate degree in clinical physiology.
The current clinical physiology degree programme contains core modules such as:
- Anatomy and physiology
- Biomedical sciences
- Applied physics and maths
- Research methods
It also contains separate routes for specialist subjects, such as audiology, cardiology, neurophysiology and respiratory physiology.
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
A critical care scientist must have:
As this field increases in size, a more formal career structure is developing. Higher grade posts are more likely to involve decision making. With experience, critical care scientists may take on responsibility for managing and training others.
In order to progress to the highest grades, scientists will usually be expected to have a PhD.
The Intensive Care Society, Churchill House,
35 Red Lion Square, London WC1R 4SG
Tel: 020 7280 4350
Skills for Health, 2nd Floor,
Goldsmiths House, Broad Plain, Bristol BS2 0JP
Tel: 0117 922 1155
The Society of Critical Care Technologies (SCCT),
6 South Bar, Banbury, Oxfordshire OX16 9AA
Tel: 01295 273559
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.