A bar person serves drinks, snacks and often hot or cold food to customers in licensed premises such as pubs, clubs, wine bars, cafés, restaurants, hotels, or leisure centres. Bar managers are responsible for running all or part of any licensed establishment.
Typical daily tasks of a bar person may include:
They may also cook simple meals or provide table service.
The job of a bar manager can vary from place to place, but may include some or all of the following:
The hours of work in a bar may be long and almost always involve evening or weekend work, sometimes until the early hours of the morning. Full-time employees usually work shifts, but many bar staff work part time. Jobs can be seasonal.
Bars are usually indoors. When it is busy, the bar may be hot, noisy and crowded. The work requires long periods of standing and usually involves lifting and carrying crates, beer barrels and boxes. High standards of health and hygiene are important. Bar staff may be expected to wear a uniform.
Large companies now offer benefits such as pension and health schemes and performance bonuses. Staff in some establishments receive tips or get free meals when on duty. Some may be offered free accommodation at their place of work.
The starting salary for a bar person is at least £9,000 a year. Trainee bar managers earn around £13,000 a year.
There are about 344,500 bar staff in the UK. Employers range from small bars, clubs and hotels to national chains of breweries and pub management companies ('pubcos') as well as multinational companies involved in the wider hospitality and catering industry. The demand for bar staff is high as the hospitality industry is continuing to expand. Opportunities exist throughout the UK.
Springboard UK offers a free careers advisory service to people wishing to enter the industry. Their website at www.springboarduk.org.uk also advertises vacancies. Further information about work in pubs can be found at www.beerandpub.com and many of the industry's leading companies have their own websites that advertise vacancies. Vacancies are also advertised in Jobcentre Plus offices, in the local and national press, in the specialist trade press and on websites such as www.publican.com and www.caterer.com.
Most employers look for people with outgoing, pleasant personalities and the right attitude, rather than any set qualifications. The minimum age to work in a bar is normally 18. Apprenticeships in food and drink service or hospitality may be available.
There is a range of relevant vocational qualifications available for those who would prefer to take a further education course before entering the industry. These include BTEC First and National Diploma in Hospitality.
Larger companies sometimes offer management traineeships for graduates and for those with experience.
Apprenticeships and Advanced Apprenticeships provide structured training with an employer. As an apprentice you must be paid at least £95 per week; you may well be paid more. A recent survey found that the average wage for apprentices was £170 a week. Your pay will depend on the sector in which you work, your age, the area where you live and the stage at which you have arrived in the Apprenticeship.
Entry to Employment (e2e) can help to prepare those who are not yet ready for an Apprenticeship. In addition, Young Apprenticeships may be available for 14- to 16-year-olds. More information is available from a Connexions personal adviser or at www.apprenticeships.org.uk.
There are different arrangements for Apprenticeships in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Most employers arrange on-the-job training for new entrants and many of the large companies provide in-house training courses.
NVQ's/SVQ's are available in:
- Food and Drink Service at Levels 2 and 3
- Bar Service at Level 2
- Hospitality Supervision at Levels 3 and 4.
The British Institute of Innkeeping Awarding Body (BIIAB) offers a variety of qualifications for bar persons and bar managers in Great Britain, including courses specifically developed for the licensed trade in Scotland.
The Wine & Spirit Education Trust (WSET) offers foundation, intermediate and advanced courses in wines and spirits.
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
A bar person/manager should be:
Bar managers should also have:
Prospects for promotion are excellent for people who are hard working and determined to succeed. With experience and training, bar persons may progress to become supervisors, assistant bar managers and bar managers, often in a relatively short space of time.
In large companies, managers can also progress to area management or head office opportunities in areas such as marketing, property or business development.
Those who hold the appropriate licence can become self-employed and run their own pub. They may buy a freehold pub or apply to become a tenant or manager for a large brewery.
For all levels of staff, there are many opportunities to work abroad.
The British Institute of Innkeeping Awarding Body (BIIAB),
Wessex House, 80 Park Street, Camberley, Surrey GU15 3PT
Tel: 01276 684449
British Beer & Pub Association, Market Towers,
1 Nine Elms Lane, London SW8 5NQ
Tel: 020 7627 9191
People 1st, 2nd Floor,
Armstrong House, 38 Market Square, Uxbridge UB8 1LH
Tel: 01895 857000
The Springboard Charity & Springboard UK Ltd, Coopers' Hall,
13 Devonshire Square, London EC2M 4TH
Tel: 020 7497 8654
The Wine & Spirit Education Trust,
International Wine and Spirit Centre, 39-45 Bermondsey Street, London SE1 3XF
Tel: 020 7089 3800
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.